Anthony Julius’ book Trials of the Diaspora: A History of  Anti-Semitism in England superbly recounts that history, especially as it has run through British aristocracy, but covers the most portentous and historic of British anti-Semitic writers in grossly deficient manner — perhaps because he wrote neither in England nor in English. That omission must be repaired. For, that single scion of British aristocracy perpetrated a monstrous betrayal, and became, in the words of William L Shirer in his Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, “the spiritual founder of the Third Reich.” In so being he also provided foundations for the Holocaust and World War II, the biggest war ever fought on planet Earth. The incredible saga of Houston Stewart Chamberlain.

Julius begins with, “The only substantial contribution of an English intellectual to the racist-conspiracist anti-Semitism that emerged in late nineteenth century Continental Europe was made by Houston Stewart Chamberlain (1855-1927).”  He then notes that his Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (1898) was “one of the principal texts of Germanic racism,” provides a page and a half of details and characterizations of its contents, and concludes, “Very late in life, he embraced Nazism, and praised Hitler’s position on the Jews.”  Period. 
Chamberlain was the son of a British Admiral, nephew of a British Field Marshall, intensely aristocratic, and virulently anti-Semitic. Educated in France, he settled in Germany, and married the daughter of another writer of anti-Semitic tracts: Richard Wagner. There he wrote his chief work, Die Grundlagen Des Neunzehnten Jahrhunderts (1899), which became the basic document of 20th-century racism and Nordic Supermacy. The English translation, Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, appeared in 1910. It was larded with a passion for Christianity (which angered Hitler) and its reformation, including ’proofs’ that Jesus was not Jewish.
 Chamberlain’s Grundlagen had already made a big impact in The Second Reich, but made history in The Third. Upon his death in 1927 the Nazi newspaper Volkischer Beobachter (People’s Observer) mourned that the German people had lost “one of the great armorers whose weapons have not yet found in our day their fullest use.”
His weapons would become the foundation of a new weapon forged by the editor of that newspaper, a member of the Austrian occult lodge called The Thule Society. It was joined by the Germanen Orden, and took the name Thule. In order to consolidate many groups and prepare for military action, a meeting was called at Thule’s headquarters in Munich’s hotel Vier Jahrezeiten (Four Seasons) on January 18, 1919. There and then the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party} was created and organized. Among the populace the Party was given the derisive abbreviation by which it became known: Nazi.

Present was a man who was a member of the Thule Lodge, editor of the Beobachter, staunchly influenced by Chamberlain’s Foundations, and destined to become ideologist of the Nazi Party: Estonian immigrant Alfred Rosenberg. In 1930 Hitler’s Mein Kampf (My Struggle) was complemented by publication of Rosenberg’s Der Mythus des 20 Jahrhunderts (The Myth of the 20th Century) — a handbook of philosophical, quasi-religious mystical and psuedo-scientific bases for the Reich’s racism, anti-Semitism, and destiny as true inheritors of the Earth. It was intended as a sequel to Chamberlain’s Grundlagen, and was based heavily upon it.

There were two pillars at the doorway to the new Party Hall built in Nuremberg around 1938. Under one pillar was buried a copy of Hitler’s Mein Kampf; under the other a copy of Rosenberg’s Der Mythus: the pillars of The Thousand Year Reich and all that would flow from it — Reichism III in two volumes. Among the consequences were the Holocaust, World War II, and Luftwaffe and V2 bombings of London into an inferno. When the tide turned and the European Theater drew to a close, one author committed suicide in a Berlin bunker as The Third Reich crumbled around him. The other was tried at Nuremberg, condemned, and hanged.

Chamberlain died in 1927 in Bayreuth of a nervous disease that had long plagued him. Hitler visited him the previous year. His tombstone reads Das Reich Gottes ist inwendig in euch (The Kingdom of God is within you). His Foundations continues to sell — in America.

 In his book Concerning The Jews, Mark Twain advises, “All that I care to know is that a man is a human being — that is enough for me:  he can’t be any worse.”






%d bloggers like this: